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European Commission study outlines possible employment implications of connected and automated driving


A report commissioned by the European Commission contracted by the Directorate-General for Research and Innovation (DG RTD) explored the possible implications of Connected and Automated driving (CAD) on employment and has come to the following conclusions:

  1. Analysis of the short, medium and long term impacts of CAD on jobs, employment, skills and knowledge, as well as possible changes in work patterns and the work environment, business and operation models;
  2. Investigation and elaboration of options in key policy areas, i.e. jobs, employment, skills, growth, transport and R&I, in order for the European Union to take timely action for the safeguarding and enhancement of the positive effects and the avoidance or mitigation of the negative effects of CAD on jobs and employment.

The study concludes that the deployment of CAD in road transport is an ongoing process, with drivers support features, to fully connected and automated vehicles, in the coming decades. The progress (technical, legal, general acceptance, etc.) that will enable connected and autonomous vehicles (CAVs) to drive on our roads  is expected to take place at the earliest after 2035. CAD deployment on an EU level is stimulating growth and jobs in scenarios with fast deployment and high penetration of CAVs for private use.

Additionally, the study presents the basis for developing a social roadmap for CAD, including a set of policy options that should be taken in the short-, medium- and long-term. The policies will prepare the transition, for example by enabling knowledge generation in living labs, adapting the legislation where required, etc.; and facilitate and manage the transition towards SAE level 4 and 5, for example by re- and up-skilling of the workforce, monitoring the transition process, etc. The report suggests that CAD development needs  to be linked to European Green Deal objectives to make transport more sustainable and by moving towards efficient passenger mass transport and intermodal freight transport solutions.

The report concludes that a core element  of a successful transition will be the co-operation and dialogue between industry, it further suggests that transport workers, as well as authorities and the transport users need to be supported by policy makers at the level of the EU and the Member States.

To download the report please visit this page.

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